Classed as one of the less common cancers, testicular cancer affects around 2,400 men each year.1 Nikki Porges, registered nurse in our Health at Hand team, explores the symptoms to look out for, how it’s diagnosed and the treatment for testicular cancer.
Who does testicular cancer affect?
Testicular cancer can affect anyone with testicles. This includes men, trans (transgender) women, and anyone assigned male at birth.2 According to Cancer Research UK, those under 30 years old are more likely to be affected3 with those most common age group being those between 15 and 49 years old.4
It tends to become less common as men get older.
Symptoms of testicular cancer
The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a lump or swelling in the testicle. The lump may be larger but is usually the size of a pea.
Other symptoms can include:
- One testicle becomes larger than the other
- A difference in appearance
- An ache or pain in the testicles or scrotum
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
Not all lumps mean cancer, but any lump is worth getting checked out by a doctor. The NHS advise that: “Only a very small minority of scrotal lumps or swellings are cancerous. For example, swollen blood vessels and cysts in the tubes around the testicle are common causes of testicular lumps.”5