“Baggy kidney” – or hydronephrosis – is a condition where urine builds up inside one or both kidneys causing them to become stretched and swollen.
The most common cause of hydronephrosis is a blockage somewhere in your urinary tract, or something disrupting the normal workings of your bladder. This causes urine to flow back from the bladder and into the kidney.
The main causes of the condition are:
For most cases, surgery is required to drain urine away from the kidneys and remove any blockage.
This is usually done using a catheter: a thin tube is inserted into your bladder through the urinary tract, or directly into the kidney through a small incision.
In very severe cases, a kidney may need to be removed.
The underlying cause will then need to be treated. For example, kidney stones can be operated on or broken up so they can be passed, and stents can be used to open damaged ureters.
The outlook for hydronephrosis is generally good as long as the condition is diagnosed and treated promptly. If left untreated for several weeks, the kidney may become scarred, and this can have an effect on the normal kidney function.
When the liver is damaged, it releases enzymes into the blood. By assessing the levels of the relevant enzyme, you can see how much damage there is.
The causes of high liver enzymes can include:
Slightly elevated liver enzymes are usually of little concern and return to normal in a short period of time. But they do need to be monitored, usually by re-checking enzyme levels within a few months, to ensure there is not a trend of the enzyme levels rising, as this could indicate a potential problem.
Answered by our team of Health at Hand team.
NHS factsheet, Kidney stones. (Accessed 18 march 2021)
NHS factsheet, Bladder stones (Accessed 18 march 2021)
Hydronephrosis – NHS factsheet (Accessed 18 march 2021)
NHS factsheet, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (Accessed 18 march 2021)
NHS website - Liver function blood tests (Accessed 18 march 2021)
British Liver Trust (Accessed 18 march 2021)
Kidney Research UK (Accessed 18 march 2021)
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